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Alopecia Areata Treatment

Alopecia Areata - Overview

Alopecia areata is a disorder that affects hair follicles and is reflected in round patches of hair loss. Normally, the immune system functions to protect the body against infection and disease. In alopecia areata, the body's immune system mistakenly recognizes hair follicles as foreign and attacks them. The cause is not known, but the prevailing scientific hypothesis is that genetics plays a significant role in predisposition and a trigger initiates the attack on the hair follicles.

Diagnosis

Alopecia areata often begins in childhood. The risk is significantly increased if you have a close family member afflicted with the disease. Emotional or physical trauma typically precedes the hair loss by up to 3 months. Hair falls out in small, round patches leaving a smooth hairless scalp in affected areas. Degree of hair loss varies from one bare patch to considerable balding. In rare cases, the disease causes complete loss of hair on the scalp (alopecia totalis) or total body (alopecia universalis). Rarely, alopecia areata presents as diffuse hair loss. On occasion, a scalp biopsy may be performed. If additional signs or symptoms are present, blood tests may reveal other autoimmune conditions.

Management

In most instances, the hair regrows spontaneously; however, this process takes several months. When alopecia areata is located on the scalp and cannot easily be hidden by covering hair or clever hairstyles, the psychological impact of alopecia areata can be severe. There is no make up that imitates hair and a hat may be inappropriate in a school or working environment. A wig can temporarily become necessary.

Treatment and Medication

Alopecia areata is difficult to treat and only few treatments have been assessed in randomized controlled trials. The most common treatments seem to facilitate faster regrowth of hair rather than treat the underlying problem. Typical therapy includes topical corticosteroids, steroid injection under the skin surface, and ultraviolet light therapy, especially narrowband UVB. Irritating drugs may be applied to hairless areas to stimulate hair growth. Rarely, systemic immune suppressive treatments are indicated. Some people with alopecia areata try alternative treatments including acupuncture and Chinese herbs. There is no cure for alopecia areata.

Coping

Many are profoundly upset by their hair loss and some may require psychological support. It might be difficult to cope with relapse following or during initially successful treatment. These considerations are particularly important in children, as social disruption and focusing of the child's attention on their hair loss may result from active treatment. Contact with other sufferers or a patient support group is strongly recommended.

Prevention

When emotional stress is the known trigger, efforts should be made to redirect or avoid these stressors. Some may do well with biofeedback training, mediation or Yoga; others will find their own way of coping with these stressors.

General considerations to keep your hair healthy and minimize the appearance of hair loss include a nutritionally balanced diet; and gentle handling of your hair. Whenever possible, allow your hair to air-dry naturally; avoid tight hairstyles, such as braids, buns or ponytails; and avoid compulsively twisting, rubbing or pulling your hair.

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SKIN

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Last updated: 05/25/2018 9:32 AM,

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Overall doctor performance

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The doctor listened to you attentively

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The doctor took time to answer your questions

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The doctor explained treatment options

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The doctor explained treatment options

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Front desk performance

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Aesthetician performance

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Office comfort

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Friendliness of the staff during appointment

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What WE DID WELL

(Answers:674)

every one was extremely friendly and helpful, loved the doctor

#12017-12-21

Staff was very friendly. The office is beautiful, organized, and very clean. I am very happy with my choice to see Dr. Ringpfeil!

#22018-03-24

Friendly, curteous service from all I was in contact with.

#32017-08-28

the music and decor of the facility

#42018-05-03

Appearance of office, professionalism and efficiency of staff and doctor.

#52012-10-03 12:03:35

YOU HAVE DONE AN EXCELLENT JOB OF ENSURING PATIENT SATISFACTION AND CARE QUALITY

#62018-01-24

every thing was great.

#72018-06-01

ambiance, music and moood of office was upbeat yet happily calm today!

#82017-09-05

Lovely environment, sunny, spotless and relaxing classical music

#92017-09-19

from the minute I walked the reception was wonderful and I saw my doctor very quickly... very little waiting.

#102017-11-16

What can we do better?

(answers:373)

no complaints

#12017-09-07

THANK YOU!

#22018-01-17

just continue listening which is so important

#32017-10-02

less waiting time for follow up appointments

#42018-06-23

THANK YOU!

#52018-08-09

No complaints at all, but since you asked, receptionist today could have been "warmer"

#62010-08-25 10:41:35

Service was excellent, keep up your service as is.

#72017-11-11

keep doing what you did.

#82011-03-11 14:14:27

Information for patients to take on latest findings/research in the field

#92017-10-16

tell the Dr. to stop snowboarding and come back to skiing..;-)

#102011-12-07 10:55:46
Customer Rating : 4.8

Based on 4 ratings